Sign of Skin Cancer and Prevention
Skin cancer includes melanoma, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Basal and squamous cell are common types of skin cancer and their treatments are effective. However, melanoma is not as naive and can be difficult to treat, but an early diagnosis and treatment can minimize its danger. The estimated percentage of fair-skinned people who can suffer from cancer is 40% to 50%. Learn how to prevent cancer and its early symptoms in order to treat it effectively.
Preventing Skin Cancer
- The best way of preventing skin cancer is limiting your direct exposure to sun. The absorption of UV radiation piles up through time, so try not to go out during the middle of the day when, even during the winter. Always put sunscreen with SPF 15 at least on before leaving the house. Make sure to always wear clothes, covering your arms, legs and broad hat for your head. Also, avoid using tanning beds, since they too emit UV radiation, thus increasing your risk of getting skin cancer.
- Regularly check your entire body for any skin irregularities, especially if you have plenty of moles, freckles and other marks. Use mirrors to help you thoroughly examine your face, neck, scalp, chest, arms, back, legs and every other part of your body, and if you see anything out of order, make sure to report to your doctor as soon as possible.
- Lastly, change your diet into a healthy one, because healthy and colorful foods can help you prevent and fight off any cancer.
1. Basal cell carcinoma is usually caused by too much exposure to sun, and it usually occurs on your neck and face. If you notice any shiny or waxy bumps or flat lesions that resemble brown or flesh-coloured scars, you should immediately consult with your doctor.
2. Squamous cell carcinoma is also usually caused by exposure to sun, and the areas where it can occur include face, ears and hands. It usually occurs with people with darker skin and the symptoms are firm red nodules and flat lesions with crusted surface.
3. Melanoma can develop in any area of a body, but with men it often occurs on face or trunk, and with women on the legs, and it is not necessarily caused by sun. Most common symptoms include large dark speckles and brownish spots, a mole that changes colour, shape and size or bleeds, a small lesion with an irregular portions that appear red, white, blue or blackish, and dark lesions on palms, soles, nose, vagina, anus, fingertips or toes or inside the lining of mouth.
What to do if you suffer from it?
- Options for skin cancer treatments are versatile, but not every type of cancer will respond in the same way. It is the best to consult with your doctor for the right treatments for cancer. Some types of skin cancer can be frozen by your doctor, and will turn into dead skin and simply fall off. You can undergo excisional surgery which includes cutting out the cancerous tissue and portion of surrounding area or undergo mosh surgery which is similar to excisional but conserves as much as skin as possible.
- Since these surgeries can treat most of the types of skin cancer, they may leave you with some uncomfortable scars. You can undergo some corrective surgeries, as well, to restore healthy and beautiful look of your skin. Professionals from MedAesthetics recommend cosmetic procedures for scar tissue removal, as well as mole removal for further prevention of skin cancer. Also, some cosmetic treatments can be effective when treating skin cancer, such as chemical peels and facial resurfacing.
- Non-surgical treatments include radiation therapy which uses high-powered energy beams to kill cancer, chemotherapy which includes medication, such as creams or lotions, photodynamic therapy which destroys cancer by laser light in the combination with medication or biological therapy which includes your body’s immune system as means of killing cancer cell.
- Cancer is not some simple and naive thing, so be careful and take care of your body and do anything to prevent cancer. Listen to your doctors and other experts and never take for granted what they say about cancer.